But a more immediate threat to British rule was
the Communist armed insurgency, which began in 1948.
The Communists formed the Malayan Peoples
Anti-Japanese Army (MPAJA) during the Japanese
Occupation. They operated from their hideout in the
jungle. After the war, they only gave up a few of
their weapons to the British. The rest were hidden in
the jungle. The MPAJA was still alive and kicking.
The Communists were prepared to challenge the
British for the control of Singapore and the Malay
peninsula and try to win over the peoples
support for their cause.
the same time, the government also had to deal with
the problems of a multi-racial society. In December
1950, racial riots erupted.
It started with a legal fight. Maria Hertogh, a
Dutch girl, was brought up by a Malay woman as a
Muslim during the Japanese Occupation. After the war,
the girl's natural mother came back to claim her. The
High Court ruled in favour of the natural mother and
riots broke out.