great day we have long awaited has come at last
-- the birth of Malaysia. In a warm spirit or joy
and hope 10 million people of many races in all
the States of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and
Sabah now join hands in freedom and unity.
We do so because we know that we
have come together through our own free will and
desire in the true spirit of brotherhood and love
We have made our decision after
much care and thought, finally arriving at mutual
consent by debate and discussion, inquiries and
elections held over 2½ years.
We can feel proud indeed of the
way we have created Malaysia through friendly
argument and compromise. The spirit of
co-operation and concord is living proof of the
desire we share for a common destiny.
What better basis for Malaysia
can there be, what finer augury for the future?
The road to nationhood has not
been an easy journey. Surprises and
disappointments, tension and crisis, have marred
The peoples of Malaysia, however,
have endured all trials and tribulations with
confidence and patience, calmness and
forbearance, with faith in our final goal --
In the first eighteen months of
political and constitutional discussions,
beginning from May 1961, things went ahead
favourably, because the ideal of Malaysia caught
the imagination of all the peoples concerned.
We can all recall the remarkable
enthusiasm and interest aroused then in the
evolution of Malaysia.
Step by step the concept came to
life. The activities of the Malaysia Solidarity
Consultative Committee, the merger talks between
the Federation of Malaya and Singapore, the broad
agreement reached in London to establish
Malaysia, the appointment of the Cobbold
Commission and its exhaustive inquiries in the
Borneo Territories, and the subsequent
establishment of the Inter-Governmental Committee
-- all these steps were taken in internal harmony
and in full public view.
Suddenly towards the end of 1962
the situation changed. Communist China committed
unjustifiable aggression against India. I stood
up for democracy and condemned China's attack.
One immediate reaction was that
Communists throughout South-east Asia retaliated
by an indirect assault upon me by opposing my
idea of Malaysia, and they set about creating
every possible difficulty to baulk Malaysia.
Other external complications
occurred -- the Philippines' claim to North
Borneo, the sudden and abortive revolt in Brunei,
and the startling adoption by Indonesia of a
policy of confrontation
All these events projected an
international crisis in South-east Asia this
year, the climax coming in June. The successful
meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Malaya,
Indonesia and the Philippines, followed by my own
conference with President Soekarno in Tokyo eased
tension considerably and brought new hopes for
harmony and peace.
Prospects for a Summit Conference
were good, confrontation from Indonesia subsided,
so we went ahead with arrangements for the final
talks in London on Malaysia.
The Malaysia Agreement was duly
signed in early July. Unexpectedly Indonesia
reacted most strongly, renewing its policy of
confrontation with the result that the Summit
conference of leaders of Malaysia, Indonesia and
the Philippines at the end of July began in an
atmosphere of doubt.
The Summit conference ended in an
agreement by the three countries to form an
Association of States of Malay origin to be known
It was agreed that in order that
the partners in Maphilindo could welcome Malaysia
the United Nations Secretary-General should be
asked to ascertain anew the wishes of the peoples
of Sarawak and Sabah. That request has not been
Now finally the peoples of
Malaysia are celebrating the establishment of
Malaysia. This is the time to think earnestly and
hopefully on the future of Malaysia as the whole
country resounds with joy.
So I pray that God may bless the
nation of Malaysia with eternal peace and
happiness for our people.
The Federation of Malaya now
passes into history. Let us always remember that
the Malayan Nation was formed after many
difficulties during a long period of national
Emergency, yet its multi-racial society emerged,
endured and survived as a successful and
progressive nation, a true democracy and an
example to the world of harmony and tolerance.
As it was with Malaya, so it can
be with Malaysia. With trust in Almighty God,
unity of purpose and faith in ourselves, we can
make Malaysia a land of prosperity and peace.
In doing so let every Malaysian
in all the States of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak
and Sabah ensure that our Malaysia is truly
worthy of the aims and hopes we have shared, the
trials and stress, we have endured, in working
together to achieve our common destiny.
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